Healthy teeth need healthy gums. That’s why you shouldn’t delay if you notice even mild symptoms of gingivitis. According to Dr. Dustin Lee, when gingivitis is left untreated, it can rapidly become a full-blown case of periodontitis, a serious gum disease that causes tooth loss and gum damage.  

What causes gingivitis? 

There are two basic types of gingivitis. Plaque-induced is primarily caused by a build-up of plaque on the teeth. When this biofilm accumulated on the teeth it can lead to tooth decay or periodontal problems including gingivitis and gum infections. When plaque isn’t removed, it hardens to tartar. Not only does this make the teeth turn yellow, but it can also irritate the gums. When this occurs, the gums can become inflamed and bleed easily. A dental professional can clean the teeth and rid them of plaque and tartar buildup.  

Non-plaque induced gingivitis has other causes. For some people, there isn’t a single cause. For some, it is due to genetic factors. It can also be caused by certain conditions like an allergic reaction, an illness, wound, or a reaction to a foreign body in the mouth such as dentures.  

Symptoms of Gingivitis You Might Be Ignoring

In its early stages, gingivitis can be easy to miss. The Simply Dentistry team wants to educate patients so they can spot symptoms. These include things like:    

  • Red and purple patches on your gums      
  • Bad breath    
  • Soft and sore gums
  • Bleeding from your gums after brushing and flossing
  •  Swollen or puffy gums

Treatment for Gingivitis

If you notice any of these signs, schedule an appointment with your San Bruno dentist immediately. You’ll get a thorough checkup and a professional cleaning. Then you and your dentist will develop a treatment plan. This includes tips for effective brushing and flossing, help to choose the right mouthwash, and when to schedule your next cleaning and exam.


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